Culture & Society

What are the Cultural Differences Between China and Taiwan?

Oct 7, 2020 · Victoria Zago Mendes

The relationship between Taiwan and China is historically conflicted, both have different cultures and colonization processes. However, Taiwanese history is closely connected to China.

Even with historical and political issues close, the cultures of Taiwan and China are different and distinct, far beyond political issues. Many countries believe that Taiwan and China have equal cultures. However, the history of the two countries is different.  China went through a structural process of opening the market through Deng Xiaoping. And Taiwan, since 1912, seeks to maintain its independence.

The fact that China has always sought to fight against Taiwan's autonomy has meant that the people of Taiwan have acquired customs different from China. We must not deny that there are similarities between the culture of China and Taiwan. However, there are many cultural differences between the two countries. We can begin to analyze the cultural difference by language.

Taiwan kept Traditional Chinese, where through the characters we can understand a lot about the culture. China uses Simplified Chinese that doesn’t have this variation. Therefore, through the etymology of the evolution of the Traditional Chinese language, we can see the cultural differences of the language, and also see the history of that word.

All Chinese ideograms have undergone an evolution. Like, for example, the word . Below, we have the first writing of this character:

Through the traditional characters we understand to analyze the culture and history of the language. But this is not possible with Simplified Chinese from China.  In this example, the Simplified Chinese word loses all variation and character analysis.

Besides the cultural difference in the words we can see the different cultural customs between Taiwan and China. In the business world, the Chinese and Taiwanese share the importance of knowing in depth with whom they are going to negotiate. Hence, culturally, Taiwanese seek to be more careful and cautious when negotiating with a person they don’t  know. This happens because, Taiwan has been the target of China for many years. So, historically speaking, the Taiwanese people have always had to be very careful about China's actions.

Then it impacts culturally, the Taiwanese are suspicious of what is not yet known or little known. The Taiwanese are cautious as they are very afraid to encounter a big problem. As they say here: 太麻煩 (tài máfan = too troublesome).

However, the Chinese in a negotiation are more open to the unknown, because they imagine that they can profit more and more. Meanwhile, the Taiwanese seek to be cautious in getting to understand better before closing a deal.

There are people in China who say that Taiwanese aren’t nice. But, there are also people in Taiwan who say that people in China aren’t polite. However, it all depends on the perspective you will analyze.

Despite the history, China and Taiwan are close. The Chinese people aren’t like the Taiwanese. And the Taiwanese aren’t like the Chinese. For each has its own cultural customs, regardless of political issues.

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Taiwan vs China 台灣vs中國 Taiwan culture 台灣文化 China culture 台灣歷史 Taiwan history Taiwanese customs Chinese customs 台灣習俗 中國風俗
Victoria Zago Mendes

Victoria Zago Mendes

Internationalist at VZM INTERNATIONAL

Victoria has a degree in International Relations and Foreign Trade, specializing in Chinese culture and communication.